Thursday, March 23, 2006

23rd of March - Pakistan Day


23rd March 1940

It was today that All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park, Lahore. Muslims from all over India gathered to attend this session that proved to be historical.

The founder of Pakistan, the great leader, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, decided to address a public gathering on the opening day. It was a huge gathering of the Leaguers, the Khaksars and the Muslims at Minto Park (now Iqbal Park). Jinnah had expounded the rationale of the resolution in his presidential address that lasted for hundred minutes and frequently punctuated by thunderous applause. Though, most of his audience of over 100,000 did not know English, he held their attention and visibly touched their emotion. He asserted that the Muslims were "a nation by any definition". In his historical address he laid the foundation of a separate state for the Muslims of India:

"The Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religions, philosophies, social customs, and literature. They neither inter-marry, nor inter-dine together, and indeed they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their aspects on life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Muslims derive their inspirations from different sources of history. They have different epics, their heroes are different, and they have different episodes. Very often the hero of one is foe of the other, and likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and the final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state."

In the end of this session, the Lahore Resolution was passed, which, founded the base for claim of a separate homeland for Indian Muslims, Pakistan.

This Resolution declared: "No constitutional plan would be workable or acceptable to the Muslims unless geographical contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary. That the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign".

The Resolution repudiated the concept of United India and recommended the creation of an independent Muslim state consisting of Punjab, N. W. F. P., Sindh and Baluchistan in the northwest, and Bengal and Assam in the northeast.

Having passed the Pakistan Resolution, the Muslims of India changed their ultimate goal. Instead of seeking alliance with the Hindu community, they set out on a path whose destination was a separate homeland for the Muslims of India.


"Jinnah's Lahore address lowered the final curtain on any prospects for a single united independent India. Those who understood him enough know that once his mind was made up he never reverted to any earlier position realized how momentous a pronouncement their Quaid-i-Azam had just made. The rest of the world would take at least seven years to appreciate that he literally meant every word that he had uttered that important afternoon in March. There was no turning back. The ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity had totally transformed himself into Pakistan's great leader. All that remained was for his party first, then his inchoate nation, and then his British allies to agree to the formula he had resolved upon. As for Gandhi, Nehru, Azad and the rest, they were advocates of a neighbor state and would be dealt with according to classic canons of diplomacy."

Stanley Wolpert, Jinnah of Pakistan.


Souces:
storyofpakistan.com
pakistan.gov.pk/Quaid

9 comments:

Anonymous said...

yes it was a turning point.

But what I regret on Quaid's part is that he never said that we need two nations but the friendship should remain there forever. Secondly why Quaid is said to be founder of Pakistan. I think He was more of a spotlight person and the only person alive among the top-notch leaders.

AsianSmiles said...

hey, better late than never. peace & goodwill to you all in PK!

Betrayed Indian said...

And why did Pakistan break up in 1971 even after committing a Genocide.

Hasan Mubarak said...

anonymous:Quaid never said the opposite either. Infact, he was in favour of close ties both with the Indians and the British even after Independence.
Secondly, he's called the founder because he was the only leader who had the capability to be a true leader. If that wasn't so, why is it that his fellows couldn't handle Pakistan when it was in turmoil...

asiansmiles:Thank you so much and welcome back!

betrayed indian:It happened due to the conduct of traitors. Pakistan, then, wasn't being ruled by a democratic governement, instead by a military dictator. Thirdly, the genocide did happen, but not by the Pakistani forces. Although, there were instances of rebel killings that is common even in Nagaland part of India.

The real genocide was conducted by the Bengalis against West Pakistanis residing in then East Pakistan; and we know by whom they were backed...

RaY-ZoR said...

Thanks for sharing this information. It was very informative. It's good to know about the great founder of Pakistan. May God Bless our nation and look down upon us with Mercy.

Ruben said...

Very informative post.

Godknows said...

I agree with asiansmiles. Better late than never!

kelly said...

Belated best wishes!

bart said...

thank you for this informative posting... although i was born in 1960, long after the fact of partition, the events in south asia have kept me preoccupied for many years...

there is much sadness in the indian/pakistani histories, much misunderstanding on all sides of the negotiating table and the propensity to let ill-will and bad feeling take the upper hand whenever tensions loom...

i'm a little out of touch recently, i'd quietly been hoping that events after last october's earthquake might be a small catalyst for some sort of reconciliation... please correct me if i'm wrong, hasan...

keep well :D

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